We want new efficiencies in the way we produce energy and how we use that energy to improve our state and the entire country. From the technology created in the east to the energy produced in the west, North Dakota is ready for a new age of innovation and invention.
New technologies are allowing scientists to discover hydrocarbons deep within the earth’s subsurface without disturbing the environment. ES Xplore’s technology harnesses the earth’s naturally produced electrical field generated by global currents between the earth and the atmosphere.
The ES Xplore signal enters the earth through the atmosphere and into the ground where it interacts with the producing formation and returns to the surface as a seismic pulse. A special sensor detects both the source and the return signal.
The data allows geologists to see both the depth and composition of the formation. Unlike traditional seismic exploration, this technology shows both the hydrocarbon make up and formation in readable logs. The direct hydrocarbon indication removes the uncertainty and results in increased efficiency during the drilling and production process.
It’s a thing of beauty. According to the Washington Post article, “Six Maps That Show the Anatomy of America’s Infrastructure” there are 3,000 power utilities, 7,700 power plants and more than 160,000 miles of high voltage electric transmission lines that feed power into our homes and businesses each day.Source:https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/maps-of-american-infrastrucure/
Speaking of power lines, the insulation wrapping that keeps lines safer, less exposed to the environment and helps prevent loss of electricity.
Two insulator families exist: material-thermosetting and thermoplastic materials. Chemical and physical changes to these materials make them perfect for transmitting electricity. The base materials for these insulators? You guessed it. Petroleum byproducts.
The walking rig. Innovations in rig design are speeding up production in the oil and natural gas industry. What once took weeks, like moving a rig, now takes hours. Modern rigs now have the ability to “walk” from one wellbore to another. These walking rigs can turn 360 degrees and move up to 15 feet in any direction — all in only two hours.
“These new rigs can move faster, drill deeper and are safer. They combine high-tech design and proven engineering which results in rigs that are easier to run. This new technology in the industry will boost production and help lead America to energy independence.” — Matt S. Drilling Engineer
The first iPhone was introduced about 10 years ago, changing everything from how we talk, text or surf the web, to how we create communities, form relationships and conduct business.
But this revolutionary product wouldn’t exist without oil and natural gas. From the silicon-based screen to the charger, many components found on the iPhone contain important petroleum byproducts.
The iPhone’s screen starts with a high-resolution liquid crystal display, or LCD. This layer is then artificially strengthened by dipping it into a molten salt bath of potassium nitrate. Potassium ions diffuse into the glass, creating a hardened compression layer on the surface.
The special furnace used to heat the salt bath is, of course, powered by natural gas.
The SIM card is like a mini-computer, complete with its own operating system, storage and built-in security features. It’s the brain of the iPhone, allowing the phone to connect to the mobile network and store important data like authentication keys and network information.
The card itself is made of a petroleum-based plastic and keeps those brains protected and your phone connected.
Chargers and headphones each use petroleum-based thermoplastic elastomers to protect the wiring that allow them to keep your phone running and your tunes bumping.
We want to ensure the success of our students, so they can ensure the success of North Dakota. The future of our state is in our hands as we provide education and opportunity for the next generation of leaders and innovators.
The Common Schools Trust Fund is vital to schools across North Dakota, providing everything from teacher salaries and operating costs, to books, supplies and playground equipment.
$288.30 million generated from North Dakota’s oil and natural gas industry will be distributed to the state’s public schools during the 2017-2019 biennium.
Petroleum is a building block of nearly everything used in today’s classrooms. It can be found in our pens, crayons, markers and other supplies we use in school and work. It’s in the calculators, computers, keyboards and tablets that help make researching, reading and learning easier.
Without oil and natural gas, backpacks wouldn’t be made of nylon fabric and none would have zippers. Binders to organize students’ school work wouldn’t exist. Neither would plastic lunch boxes that feature your child’s favorite super hero.
Modern playground equipment is being made from recycled plastic and other materials that come from oil and natural gas. The shredded vehicle tires used to form a softer, safer playground surface are made with petroleum derivatives.
Economic growth from the energy expansion has led to new high school facilities and other developments throughout the state. Watford City High School is just one example.
The three-story, 167,000 square-foot building is the first new school built in Watford City since 1985. Capable of accommodating about 800 students, the school features high-tech classrooms with interactive television and internet connections, and areas for students to collaborate on projects.
We want clean air, water and land that we can pass on for generations to come. With new technology and practices focused on environmental stewardship, we can continue to provide jobs and a strong prosperity while still protecting our state.
The energy we use everyday isn’t always local. Sometimes, oil and natural gas products originate from thousands of miles away, transported in underground pipelines from refineries and natural gas plants to communities all over the country.
While many forms of transportation are used to move other products to marketplaces, pipelines are the safest, most efficient and economical way to move these natural resources.
America depends on an extensive network of pipelines to safely and efficiently move energy and raw materials to fuel our nation’s economic engine and almost every activity of everyday life.
These pipelines are the unsung heroes of many utilities — including liquid petroleum pipelines and natural gas pipelines. They safely go through neighborhoods and communities, stretch across farms, forests, deserts and everywhere in between. These same pipelines provide fuel to generate electricity and the building blocks for fertilizers to increase crop production.
Today’s oil and natural gas pipelines are made to ensure the safe transport of energy resources for decades to come. America’s pipelines are built using proven technologies with the highest quality materials and construction standards under strict adherence to federal, state and local regulations. Pipes are inspected to assure they meet stringent safety standards before installation.*According to The National Transportation and Safety Board
Over the last 60 years, oil and natural gas producers have demonstrated an ability to increase annual footage drilled per rig, while reducing overall surface footprint and drilling time. The catalyst for these advancements and efficiencies is comprised of new drilling technologies, techniques and designs.
Oil and natural gas wells in the Bakken use less than 1 percent of the land.
Prior to the 1990s, most wells were completely vertical – drilled straight down – but the pace of horizontal drilling technology development and its use has accelerated rapidly. This ability to access production zones horizontally is vital to recovering additional, hard-to-reach reserves while reducing overall environmental impact. In North Dakota, a typical deep horizontal well can replace as many as eight vertical wells, which reduces the overall physical footprint on the landscape.
Pad drilling has also helped to increase efficiency. This technique allows a number of separate wells to be drilled from the same location. By keeping drilling and production on one location, producers are able to avoid clearing larger areas of land and reduce the number of roads and pipelines needed to service dozens of wells. Today’s typical horizontal pad sites range from three to five acres in size.
Water and energy. These two critical resources are inextricably and reciprocally linked. The production of energy requires water while the treatment of water is equally dependent upon readily available energy. Without water, U.S. oil and natural gas production would be impossible.
In North Dakota, proven practices, advanced technologies and the highest quality materials are used to ensure that our water remains protected, clean and safe.
High-strength protective steel casings and cement are used to isolate wellbores from their surroundings, protecting freshwater zones throughout the drilling, completion and production phases of the well. Producers also comply with stringent regulatory standards and state permitting guidelines to ensure our water remains protected.
To ensure the safety of freshwater aquifers, heavily reinforced protective casings are used to separate the wellbore from its surroundings. This casing is set to a minimum distance of 200 feet into the first permeable rock layer beneath drinking water sources, or approximately 2,200 feet below the surface.
We want jobs that provide for families and lift up communities — jobs for both blue and white-collar workers. From high-tech software to high-impact labor jobs, the industry is providing for families across our state.
The oil and natural gas industry doesn’t just support jobs for engineers, geologists and drillers. It supports jobs across a huge variety of fields, from accountants who oversee company financials to loggers who track on-site data, ensuring the drilling operation is running as efficiently as possible.
With a $34 billion impact in 2015, oil and natural gas has a massive impact on every aspect of North Dakota’s economy.
In 2016 alone, taxes on oil and natural gas generated 38% of all taxes collected in the state.
The strategic investment and improvement fund allows for upgrades and maintenance to infrastructure and public services across North Dakota. In 2014 alone, the oil and natural gas industry provided more than $325 million to this fund, making it a major contributor to the roads and bridges you drive on every day.
The oil and natural gas found right here in North Dakota is getting us closer to energy independence, allowing the U.S. to lessen dependence on foreign energy sources. North Dakota is the number two oil producer and number twelve natural gas producer in the U.S., while the country as a whole is now the world’s No. 1 producer in both.
Energy security would allow an additional $400 billion to stay within the U.S. economy each year.
Energy investment firm Raymond James predicts that by 2020, the U.S. will import only 11 percent of its daily oil needs. At that point, net imports could come solely from Canada and Mexico.
We want things that make our lives better, safer and more fulfilled. That’s all made possible by the oil and natural gas produced here in North Dakota. Petroleum byproducts are responsible for some of today’s biggest advancements, from the parts in your smartphone to artificial heart valves that literally save lives.
Many of today’s modern conveniences come from petrochemicals, specific chemical compounds used in manufacturing various products.
Oil and natural gas are the raw materials in 99 percent of these petrochemicals.
The natural gas we use to heat our homes is mostly methane, the simplest hydrocarbon. But each natural gas liquid, or NGL, has its own unique properties that make it suited for other uses. For example, butane is used in lighters, while propane is used in backyard grills or some home heating systems.
Warm showers are also brought to you by the oil and natural gas industry. Some water heaters can use natural gas to provide more hot water at a lower cost than electric-driven heaters. These units will also continue to provide hot water, even if the power goes out.
North Dakota winters would be even colder without the many layers of clothing provided by oil and natural gas – nylon jackets and gloves, rubber boots and polyester stockings to help little heads stay warm.
Not to mention those frigid winter nights at home. Oil and natural gas bring us Netflix, our favorite couch and the warm glow of a fire place.
Oil and natural gas components are used to make many of the modern medical devices we use today to save lives. From simple syringes to complex artificial heart valves, prosthetics and robot surgeons, oil and natural gas are advancing medicine in countless ways.
Oil and natural gas also provide energy for the nation’s largest hospitals. The largest 3,400 hospitals use more than 5 percent of the energy consumed by the entire U.S. commercial sector.
Modern, petroleum-based plastics have allowed for major advancements in life-saving artificial heart valve technologies. These artificial valves offer hope and a better quality of life for the more than 5 million Americans diagnosed with heart valve disease every year.
Petroleum-based silicone is used to make electrode wires safe on human skin, allowing for various medical devices including cochlear implants. These electronic devices can act as a human’s inner ear, allowing people that experience hearing loss to hear — even if they were born deaf.
Whether it’s through trauma, disease or congenital conditions, millions of Americans have experienced losing a limb. Petroleum-based plastics have led to vast improvements in prosthetics, allowing amputees to move past the trauma of losing a limb.
From hard hats, helmets and seat belts to car seats, airbags and alarm systems, components found in oil and natural gas keep us safe everywhere we go.
Flame resistant clothing protects our firefighters while Kevlar vests protect our police officers. Petroleum-based products from ambulances to stretchers also help our paramedics save lives.
From field to table, oil and natural gas play major roles in both how we prepare and eat our food, and how our agriculture industry produces food for our state and the entire nation.
Oil and natural gas powers the equipment, provides the fertilizer, powers irrigation, and provides the transportation that gives us both easy and abundant access to vital nutrition sources.
In the field, oil and natural gas components can be found in fertilizers and irrigation systems, ensuring a healthy crop for us to eat, and a healthy agriculture industry that continues to provide for families across North Dakota.
Once that food is produced, it has to be transported and packaged in a way that protects both the food and the consumer it’s going to. Oil and natural gas components are used in everything from shipping the food across the country to packaging or freezing food for grocery stores.
Finally, it gets to consumers, where they again use oil and natural gas to power ovens, stoves and microwaves to prepare food for them and their families.